Archives du mot-clé フレンチポリッシュ




Next week, I may release a very nice piece for my collection de Mianville,

来週、とても素敵なアイテムを 当店のスペシャルカテゴリーcollection de Mianville, にてご紹介いたします。

It is a piece signed by the french company Krieger, purple heart and rosewood, the quality and

the design is really exceptional, will be finished with a french polish:

この家具にはフランスの有名な家具メーカー Kriegerクリガー社のサインがされており、パープルハートとローズウッドが使われ、クオリティ・デザインともに大変素晴らしい商品です。






A natural way for wood grain filling:

Pumice stone, ethanol and 2 arms to push in.









Nosban氏は家具職人で、フランスにおいてmenuisier-ebenisteと呼ばれ、18世紀から19世紀に生き、 »Manuel du menuisier en meubles et en bâtiment suivi de l’art de l’ébéniste »という本を書き残しました。


Today we will talk about mister Nosban

Mister Nosban was a cabinet maker, called menuisier-ebeniste in french, who lived during the 18th and 19th century. He wrote a book called « Manuel du menuisier en meubles et en bâtiment suivi de l’art de l’ébéniste ».



例えば、18世紀初頭には存在しなかった紙やすりが19世紀初頭には使用され始めたことが276-277ページの”l’art de l’ébéniste « の章から分かりますし(1774年に出版されたRoubo氏の著作最終巻により詳しく説明があります)、19世紀初頭に使われた、木工のプロセスを知ることもできるからです。




This book is good because it was published in 1827, which is the beginning of the 19th century and we can see the « evolution »  between  some wood working processes  that were used during the end of the 18th century  (that are well described by mister Roubo in its book which was published in 1774 for the last one) and  some woodworking processes used in the beginning of the 19th century (described in mister Nosban’s book).


例えば、紙やすりは18世紀には存在しませんでしたが19世紀初頭に使われ始めたことがNosban氏が » l’art de l’ébéniste « 章の276-277ページで語っています。

For example, the sand paper which did not exist during the 18th century , is now in use at the beginning of the 19th. Nosban talked about it on page 276-277 in the  » l’art de l’ébéniste  » chapter.




Another point concerns the varnish. Its seems varnishing the furniture is now taking off.

In the chapter concerning the finishing, (page 281 to page 292) we can find few processes of varnishing and varnish recipes too.

とにかく、ワックスで仕上げることとニスで仕上げることに大きな違いがあることを »l’art de l’ébéniste « 章288ページにてきっちりと比較しています。






Anyway there is a very true and exact remark that mister Nosban make concerning the different of results between wax finishing and varnish finishing (page 288 in the « l’art de l’ébéniste  » chapter).

As I like it I quote it for you below, ( I try to translate it the best from French):

« The varnishes we just talked about get more or less scratches after a while  and are likely to peel off.

That’s why most of time we prefer the wax and specially for the ordinary furniture and its application is easy too.

We scrub the furniture with wax, we spread it with a piece of cork, we remove the excess with a blunt scraper and then we polish it with a piece of sheet or twill until it becomes shinny.

This coating gets the advantage that if it becomes dull, polishing it again with a piece of wool will make it shinny again, with no need of the craftsman, but this brightness is dark and the wood veins don’t come up as good as with a varnish ».





Mister Nosban simply summarized the differences between  wax and varnish application and result too in few lines.

But the most important information we can find in the finishing chapter is the one concerning the French polish.

Mister Nosban explains the process on page 283/284.



このことは他の本でも書かれています。例えばFrancois Germondの “L’ébéniste restaurateur »146ページや、Xavier Dyevreの本 » Vos meubles anciens »54ページにあります。

So we can conclude that  the french polish process  was existing and was in use at the beginning of the 19th century but NOT during the 18th century.

This is also confirmed in some other books , like « L’ébéniste restaurateur » by Francois Germond on page 146, or in the Xavier Dyevre’s book   » Vos meubles anciens » on page 54.

1774年に出版されたRoubo氏の »Le menuisier ébéniste »、864-865ページにおいても語られいます。彼がニスについて説明しているのは伝統的なもの、すなわち:ニスを何層も塗布する。次を塗る前に表面がきっちりと乾いていることを確認しなければならない。最後のニスが完全に乾いたのちに、少しの柔らかい石とパッドを用いて表面を平らにします。

The other « reference » person who confirms this,  is mister Roubo in its « Le menuisier ébéniste » published in 1774 on page 864/865. The varnish application process he described is the traditionnal one, to wit: spreading  the number of varnish layer you would like to,  and make sure the pervious layer is fully dry before you put the next one. Once the last layer is fully dry you smooth the varnish with a pad and a bit of rotten stone.